Ozark County Health Department
Call 679-3334 For Appointment
You can also visit the CDC Web site
For more Information About HPV Vaccine
W H A T YOU N E E D T O K N O W
Genital human papillomavirus (HPV)is the most common sexually transmitted virus in the United
States.There are about 40 types of HPV. About 20 million people in the U.S. are infected, and about
6.2 million more get infected each year. HPV isspread through sexual contact.
Most HPV infections dont cause any symptoms,and go away on their own. But HPV is important
mainly because it can causecervical cancer in women. Every year in the U.S. about 10,000 women
get cervical cancer and 3,700 die from it. It is the2nd leading cause of cancer deaths among women
around the world.
HPV is also associated with several less commontypes of cancer in both men and women. It can
also cause genital warts and warts in the upper respiratory
tract.More than 50% of sexually active men and women are infected with HPV at sometime in their lives.
There is no treatment for HPV infection, but theconditions it causes can be treated.
HPV vaccineis an inactivated (not live) vaccine which protects against 4 major types of HPV.
These include 2 types that cause about 70% ofcervical cancer and 2 types that cause about 90% of
genital warts.HPV vaccine can prevent most genital warts and most cases of cervical cancer.
Protection from HPV vaccine is expected to belong-lasting. But vaccinated women still need
cervical cancer screening because the vaccine doesnot protect against all HPV types that cause
HPV vaccine is routinely recommended for girls11-12 years of age. Doctors may give it to girls
as young as 9 years.Why is HPV vaccine given to girls at this age?
It is important for girls to get HPV vaccinebefore their first sexual contact because they
have not been exposed to HPV. For these girls,the vaccine can prevent almost 100% of
disease caused by the 4 types of HPV targetedby the vaccine.
However, if a girl or woman is already infectedwith a type of HPV, the vaccine will not prevent
disease from that type.
The vaccine is also recommended for girls andwomen 13-26 years of age who did not receive it
when they were younger.HPV vaccine is given as a 3-dose series:
1st Dose: Now
2nd Dose: 2 months after Dose 1
3rd Dose: 6 months after Dose 1
Additional (booster) doses are not recommended.HPV vaccine may be given at the same time as
HPV Vaccine 2/2/2007
2 HPV Vaccine - Why get vaccinated? 4 Some girls or women should not
get HPV vaccine or should wait
Anyone who has ever had a life-threateningallergic reaction to yeast, to any other
component of HPV vaccine, or to a previous dose of HPV vaccine should not get the
vaccine. Tell your doctor if the person gettingthe vaccine has any severe allergies.
3 Who should get HPV vaccine and when? 1 What is HPV?
5 What are the risks from HPV vaccine?
HPV vaccine does not appear to cause anyserious side effects.
However, a vaccine, like any medicine, couldpossibly cause serious problems, such as severe
allergic reactions. The risk ofany vaccine causing serious harm, or death, is extremely small.
Severalmild problems may occur with HPV vaccine:
Pain at the injection site (about 8 people in 10)
Redness or swelling at the injection site (about1 person in 4)
Mild fever (100°F) (about 1 person in 10)
Itching at the injection site (about 1 person in30)
Moderate fever (102°F) (about 1 person in 65)
These symptoms do not last long and go away ontheir own. Life-threatening allergic reactions from vaccines
are very rare. If they do occur, it would be within afew minutes to a few hours after the vaccination.
Like all vaccines, HPV vaccine will continue to be monitored for unusual or severe problems.
6 What if there is a severe reaction? What should I look for?
Any unusual condition, such as a high fever orbehavior changes. Signs of a serious allergic
reaction can include difficulty breathing,hoarseness or wheezing, hives, paleness, weakness,
a fast heart beat or dizziness.
What should I do?
Call a doctor, or get the person to a doctor right away.
Tell your doctor what happened, the date and time it happened, and when the vaccination was
Ask your doctor, nurse, or health department to report the reaction by filing a Vaccine Adverse
Event Reporting System (VAERS) form.\ Or you can file this report through the VAERS
website at www.vaers.hhs.gov, or by calling1-800-822-7967. VAERS does not provide medical advice.
Ask your doctor or nurse. They can show youthe vaccine package insert or suggest other
sources of information.
Call your local or state health department.
Contact the Centers for Disease Control andPrevention (CDC):
- Call1-800-232-4636 (1-800-CDC-INFO)
- Visit CDCs website atwww.cdc.gov/vaccines.
7 How can I learn more?
department of health and human services Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases Vaccine Information Statement (Interim)
Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccine 2/2/07
Pregnant women should not get the vaccine. The vaccine appears to be safe for both the
mother and the unborn baby, but it is still beingstudied. Receiving HPV vaccine when pregnant
isnot a reason to consider terminating the pregnancy. Women who are breast feeding may
safely get the vaccine.
People who are mildly ill when the shot isscheduled can still get HPV vaccine. People
withmoderate or severe illnesses should wait until they recover.
Any woman who learns that she was pregnant when she got HPV vaccine is encouraged to call the
HPV vaccine in pregnancy registry at 800-986-8999. Information from this registry
will help us learn how pregnant women respond to the vaccine.